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Biodiversity Management Committees - BMC


Nodal Officers and Secretaries for BMC(347 KB) view

List of BMC's which have been formed till 30/03/2017(667 KB)view

List of Gram Panchayat where BMC is intended to be constituted (2.70MB)View

Under Section 41(1) of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, every local body in the State shall constitute a Biodiversity Management Committee within its area for the purpose of promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity including preservation of habitats, conservation of land races, folk varieties and cultivars, domesticated stocks and breeds of animals and microorganisms and chronicling of knowledge relating to biological diversity. The Biological Diversity Rules of 2004 promulgated under this act, in force as of 15th April, 2004 include the following provisions for BMCs:-

Section 22, Biological Diversity Rules, 2004: Constitution of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs).

(1)    Every local body (i.e. Panchayat, Municipality, etc.) shall constitute a Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC) within its area of jurisdiction.

(2)    The Biodiversity Management Committee as constituted under sub-rule (1) shall consist of a Chairperson and not more than six persons nominated by the local body, of whom not less than one third should be women and not less than 18% should belong to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes.

(3)    The Chairperson of the Biodiversity Management Committee shall be elected from amongst the members of the committee in a meeting to be chaired by the Chairperson of the local body. The Chairperson of the local body shall have the casting votes in case of a tie.

(4)    The tenure of the Biodiversity Management Committee shall be of five years or co-terminus with the tenure of the local body (Guidelines for the Operationalization of the Biodiversity Management Committees).

(5)    The local Member of Legislative Assembly/ Member of Legislative Council and Member of Parliament would be special invitees to the meetings of the Committee.

(6)    The main function of the BMC is to prepare People’s Biodiversity Register in consultation with the local people. The Register shall contain comprehensive information on availability and knowledge of local biological resources, their medicinal or any other use.

(7)    The other functions of the BMC are to advice on any matter referred to it by the State Biodiversity Board or Authority for granting approval, to maintain data about the local vaids and practitioners using the biological resources.

(8)    The Authority shall take steps to specify the form of the People’s Biodiversity Registers, and the particulars it shall contain and the format for electronic database.

(9)    The Authority and the State Biodiversity Boards shall provide guidance and technical support to the Biodiversity Management Committees for preparing People’s Biodiversity Registers.

(10)The People’s Biodiversity Registers shall be maintained and validated by the Biodiversity Management Committees.

(11)The Committee shall also maintain a Register giving information about the details of the access to biological resources and traditional knowledge granted, details of the collection fee imposed and details of the benefits derived and the mode of their sharing.